How to Setup Port Forwarding | Complete Guide

Today we’re diving into the realm of ports numbers and network. That is because the topic for today is how to setup Port forwarding. Some of you might know about it. While, to others, it might be completely alien. But no worries, I got you. Before proceeding with how to set up port forwarding, let me brief you on why we need it. Also, what we understand by the term “port forwarding.” All of that, in the next section.

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Port Forwarding
Port Forwarding

What is the Need of Port Forwarding?

Has it ever happened that you had to download a movie or a game or something else? But you always get a “can’t connect” message? Or it asks for specific permissions? That is because the people on the other side have blocked your access. It is so for the sake of their security.

 port forwarding in router
port forwarding in router

By doing it, you can limit the number of connections that get through to your network. Which, consequently minimizes the threat of interception.

I know, all these measures are essential. Especially with the security scenarios nowadays. But sometimes you need access to the blocked resources. So you need to provide specific permissions. That is where port forwarding comes in.

It takes place on the host computer bypassing whatever firewalls are in place. By opening specific ports, you can access the otherwise inaccessible resources. Doesn’t it make learning how to setup port forwarding even more important? We’ll get to that shortly.

The Basics of Port Forwarding 

So we’ve seen briefly why we need port forwarding. The question that arises now is what it is. And how is it internally achieved? Understanding it becomes essential before we proceed towards the next step. That is, to learn how to setup port forwarding, practically!!

It is behind the curtain process that involves reading the information that comes along your data packets. Then the router or intermediator reads where the packages are going. After that, it reads your header info and modifies it. Thus, it sends the packets to somewhere other than the original path.

Thus by executing the little trick, people can keep unnecessary traffic off their networks. Also, it ensures less fraudulent activities and network exploitations. So why not learn how to setup port forwarding! Here we go!

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How to Setup Port Forwarding with minimal effort?

Herein, to get to the depth of how to setup port forwarding, I’m listing some steps.

If you follow these mindfully, I don’t see why you should have any trouble. First, we will get into the router’s page that hosts all the settings. Then find the apt ones to conclude our task.

Procedure:

Let us get to the steps:

  1. The most important thing you have to make sure is to maintain a steady internet connection. Make sure there are none or negligible fluctuations as they can hinder your cause. There is a small icon of wifi at the bottom right of your PC. Click on it and connect to one of the available connections. If you aren’t already connected.
  2. Now we need our router’s IP. For that, click on the small settings button that will pop up when you click on the windows icon. When you get to the settings page, click on the one labeled “Network and Internet.” It will open a hoard of settings for you.
  3. In the next step of how to setup port forwarding, choose the option to view properties. When the network properties appear, scroll down to the wifi section. Then you note down or copy/paste the default gateway. You’re going to need it.
  4. Now, if you’re on a mac, the steps vary slightly. Open the system preferences by clicking the logo of apple. From the menus that appear, click on the “network” option. Then on the advanced tab.
  5. Now, scroll down to the ethernet portion, hit the “TCP/IP” tab, and jot down the IP address.
  6. The next step of how to setup port forwarding requires a web browser. So fire up whichever browser you like working with or whichever you possess. Scroll to the address bar and type in the IP that you retrieved. Press enter key after that. Do take care of the dots.
  7. Then if it asks you, fill in the credentials. If you’ve previously altered them, enter the tinkered ones. Otherwise, use the default ones. After that, the page that resides the settings opens.

The Primary Steps to Setup

Now, below are the primary steps of how to setup port forwarding. So hear me out carefully.

  1. Find the options that have port forwarding in it. You may find it in the advanced settings by the same name. Or headings may vary with browser versions/router versions. Generally, look for anything like Virtual servers, gaming, etc. Just look thoroughly.
  2. Once you find the option, you can choose for which service you’d like port forwarding. If not, you can have options customized to your needs.
  3. You can choose between TCP or IP protocol. If you’re in a dilemma, choose both. You can also specify port numbers. If you want to specify a port range, then mention both opening and closing numbers.
  4. In the last step of how to setup port forwarding, save the changes you just made. You may have to restart the router, to finalize the changes.

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IP
IP

Conclusion 

That was a guide on how to setup port forwarding. So read on, try it out and take your security game up a notch. You can try out as many options and variations as you may like. Just be a tad careful.

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About the Author: Nicholas Miller

You can always find me with a cup of coffee Googling anything and everything related to the networking. Refer to our detailed How-To Guides on wifi routers and never face any issue with router again!

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